The Importance of Taking a Comprehensive Approach to One Health and Addressing the Impact of Climate Change on Public Health

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Adopting a Comprehensive Approach: One Health

A recent conference titled “One Health Conference: The Impact of Climate Change on Epidemics: Traveler’s Health – The Importance of Vaccines” was organized by the Spanish Vaccinology Association and Kreab, and sponsored by Takeda. The conference brought together experts from the epidemiology sector to discuss the importance of adopting preventive measures against future pandemics and emerging threats. One of the key conclusions drawn from the conference was the need to adopt a comprehensive approach known as “One Health” and to be aware of the impact of climate change on people’s health.

The Role of Vaccines in Preventing Infectious Diseases

The conference emphasized the role of vaccines as the main measure for preventing infectious diseases, such as dengue. Vaccines can play a double role in reducing the number of cases and outbreaks in endemic areas, as well as reducing the chances of travelers contacting the virus and becoming infected. According to Jaime Jesús Pérez, president of the Spanish Vaccinology Association, if travelers are vaccinated and have greater accessibility to vaccines, the chances of contagion when traveling to countries where the disease occurs can be significantly reduced.

Dengue: An Epidemic Influenced by Climate Change

During the conference, experts discussed the risk of potential epidemics accentuated by climate change. They highlighted the risk posed by climate change, particularly the rise in temperature, for people’s health. The increase in temperature can lead to the spread of mosquitoes such as the Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito) and the Aedes aegypti, affecting their geographic distribution area. The experts emphasized the need for vaccination in travelers to endemic areas as the main preventive measure against the spread of infectious diseases.

The Importance of Travel Vaccination Programs

To address the spread of infectious diseases through travel, experts advocated for the creation of travel vaccination programs that provide maximum protection against endemic viruses in different areas of the world. Agustín Benito Llanes, president of the Spanish Society of Tropical Medicine and International Health, emphasized the importance of developing risk assessment measures and prevention plans for vector diseases.

Juan José F. Polledo, Francisco Jiménez, Carmen Pacheco, Agustín Benito and Gonzalo Fanjul.

The Connection Between Environmental Changes and the Spread of Viruses

Gonzalo Fanjul, director of Policy at IS Global, highlighted the connection between environmental changes and the spread of viruses. He emphasized the need to strengthen public health infrastructures, improve access to healthcare, and strengthen global surveillance networks to prevent future crises like the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Importance of Public-Private Collaboration

Carmen Pacheco, former Director General of Public Health of Castilla y León, emphasized the importance of public-private collaboration in addressing public health challenges. She also highlighted the deficiencies in human resources and the need to modernize information systems in public health.

The Importance of Financing and Research

Francisco Jiménez Sánchez, director of the Balmis Institute, discussed the concern about new pandemics in the European Union (EU) and the establishment of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) to fund research projects for developing vaccines against emerging infectious diseases. The director of Corporate Affairs at Takeda emphasized the importance of investing in research and development to accelerate the discovery of vaccines, diagnostic methods, and therapies.

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The importance of travel vaccination programs. These programs aim to ensure that travelers are properly vaccinated against diseases that are prevalent in the countries they are visiting. By vaccinating travelers, the risk of spreading infectious diseases to other regions can be significantly reduced. The conference highlighted the need for increased accessibility to vaccines and the importance of raising awareness about the importance of travel vaccinations.

How can governments and healthcare organizations work together to increase accessibility to travel vaccinations and raise awareness about their importance

There are several ways that governments and healthcare organizations can collaborate to increase accessibility to travel vaccinations and raise awareness about their importance:

1. Public Health Campaigns: Governments can launch public health campaigns to raise awareness about the importance of travel vaccinations. These campaigns can include advertisements, social media messages, and educational material to inform the public about the risks of travel-related diseases and the benefits of vaccination.

2. Partnerships with Healthcare Providers: Governments can partner with healthcare organizations, such as hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies, to provide easy access to travel vaccinations. This can include setting up vaccination clinics at airports, travel agencies, or community centers. By partnering with healthcare providers, governments can ensure that vaccinations are easily accessible to travelers.

3. Subsidized Vaccinations: Governments can provide subsidies or discounts for travel vaccinations to make them more affordable for individuals. This can encourage more people to get vaccinated before traveling and increase accessibility, especially for those with limited financial resources.

4. Collaboration with International Organizations: Governments can work with international organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to develop standardized guidelines for travel vaccinations. By aligning with global recommendations, governments can ensure that travelers receive the necessary vaccinations and information.

5. Training and Education for Healthcare Professionals: Governments can provide training and education programs for healthcare professionals to increase their knowledge and awareness about travel vaccinations. This can empower healthcare providers to effectively communicate the importance of vaccinations to their patients and help them make informed decisions.

6. Integration into Travel Planning Process: Governments and healthcare organizations can work together to integrate travel vaccinations into the overall travel planning process. For example, travel agencies can provide vaccine recommendations and information to travelers during the booking or visa application process. This can help ensure that individuals are aware of the necessity for travel vaccinations and have enough time to get vaccinated before their trip.

7. Information Sharing and Research: Governments and healthcare organizations can collaborate on sharing up-to-date information and research on travel-related diseases and vaccines. By exchanging knowledge and data, they can work together to identify emerging risks and develop effective prevention strategies.

Overall, partnerships between governments and healthcare organizations are crucial in increasing accessibility to travel vaccinations and raising awareness about their importance. By combining efforts, they can ensure that individuals are well-informed and protected from travel-related diseases.

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1 comment

Nicolas June 20, 2023 - 8:26 am

This article highlights the crucial need for a holistic approach to One Health, recognizing the intricate links between human, animal, and environmental well-being. It underlines the urgency of addressing climate change’s profound impact on public health, emphasizing the importance of collaborative efforts to protect our collective well-being.


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